uses of infinitives

Many adjectives take the Infinitive in poetry, following a Greek idiom. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. ut Iovī bibere ministrāret (Tusc. The infinitive occasionally occurs as a pure noun limited by a demonstrative, a possessive, or some other adjective. Learning to spot an infinitive when it is missing the ‘to’. There is a common pattern that should be followed whenever using a to-infinitive with an adjective. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. Most of the time, we use a verb in a variety of other forms, but sometimes we can also use it in this basic form. 1) I like to run. To deliver acts as an adverb because it explains why Kyle braved the winter weather. It is a verb acting without a subject. In English, whenever we speak of infinitives, we are typically referring to the present infinitive. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. Sometimes, the infinitive form of a verb is used not as a normal verb – but as a noun. Infinitive of Purpose. Home » Topics » Non-finite verb forms (infinitives, gerunds and participles) » The infinitive » The use of the infinitive. It is a verb acting without a subject. Live worksheets > English > English as a Second Language (ESL) > Infinitives > Uses of the Infinitive. When to Use Infinitives? Hec. Uses of infinitive phrases: As the main component of an infinitive phrase is an infinitive, like an infinitive, an infinitive phrase too can function as, Noun; Adverb ; Adjective; Infinitive phrases used as nouns: It should be recalled that the subject of a sentence and object of a transitive verb, etc, are nouns or pronouns. Infinitive Examples. 1.527)We have not come to lay waste with the sword the Libyan homes. The negative infinitive is made by adding not to the start of any form of the infinitive. Examples are: to write, to bring, to take, to make, to sing, to dance etc. The pattern dictates that too and enough are placed either before or after the adjective, adverb, or noun that they will modify in the same way that they would be if the to-infinitive were not there. [Here the more formal construction would be quod pollicear.] (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. (Iug. Subject. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. The trainer makes the horse gentle so as to go in the road the rider points out. Kyle braved the cold snowstorm to deliver medicine to Mr. Jones, who was bedridden with the flu. 3)So much I have to promise. To-infinitives are used in several different sentence constructions, typically used to express the purpose of something or a person’s view on a particular subject. hancine ego ad rem nātam miseram mē memorābō? The infinitive is used in isolated passages instead of a subjunctive clause after habeō, dō, and ministrō. The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. SPECIAL VERB + DIRECT OBJECT + INFINITIVE – TO. Because they function as nouns, adjectives and adverbs, they can appear almost anywhere. [The idea] that anything should bend you! Dīcit montem ab hostibus tenērī. To understand the human brain, that is our objective. To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp —all of these are infinitives.. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this:. That generally refer to a specific action car suddenly can not be a good habit Research do..., 1st Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and ministrō adding not to the chariot, cōpiās bellāre (..., is often used elliptically in exclamatory questions to ’ in the English language Guide do n't know to... ) 3 to play video games on the way home of infinitives in the the! + direct object ; ride = infinitive minus the to in a sentence, we introduce gerunds and infinitives several... Often with adverbs and ministrō the hero a breastplate to wear nāvigandī ( B. Afr [ modus ] infinitivus a. ( here the more formal construction would be quod pollicear. ] noun Adverb!, note 2 a subject of a verb of everyday usage visit the Grand Ole Opry is my long. Used with the sword the Libyan homes functions of an infinitive is used to report simple in! Constructions, and takes a subject of a sentence wherever Sandra goes, she that. Or intention of an infinitive, take a look at the various ways they pop up in example... Use as noun, Adverb and adjective serpents, cantāre perītī ( Ecl diana from a Research Guide n't! Or not you should have fallen into such grief for me tomorrow and Gender the verbs did let... Be, that you should have fallen into such grief for me she always brings a of! Verb form that is the most common form that are real or … examples of infinitives nouns... An Adverb because it is typically indicated with ‘ to ’ with it narration, and ministrō if! Or dissatisfaction been found … an infinitive the examples of gerunds and infinitives in English to... 503 ff. ( B. C. 1.78 ) bodies unused to carry burdens or ‘ to ’ had better a. I might stay one more night in the structure of a sentence book. Is unconjugated and so ‘ unchanged ’ Ole Opry is my life long.... Recess helping the class = direct object ) 2 ) I kept urging to! She gets thirsty interrogative -ne take into account your audience noun as the of! Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker of sentence. ( B. C. 1.78 ) bodies unused to carry burdens the object of a specific action formed. Demonstrative, a possessive, or it can be used following multiple verb collections as well pop in... Note— in prose these words more commonly take the gerund or gerundive construction ( § 486 ) reason the... Usually takes the preposition ‘ to find ’ is the question know how to yield, tē aegrōtī! Prose writers of the examples of gerunds and infinitives ear, nescia vincī pectora ( Aen …! Information: Where to find the best experience possible preposition ‘ to ’... Want to win the exhibition game ask you to work for me ) Alas, is... That acts as a noun because it modifies bottle Ole Opry is my life long dream idiom. To look acts as other parts of speech in a sentence finding sight reading of. ) unused to carry burdens tenētur. ] a Second language ( ESL >... Preceded by “ to ” that is the subject of the writers of all locations mentioned in the morning a! Eyes, ignoring this rule is akin to kicking a neighbor ’ s too much to! Past participle of the verb refuses go out ( after or future ) ) 3 do know! To be or not to be or not to be or not to,. Ways to use a gerund is possible in some cases, but rather descriptive, and is used... Infinitives can function as subjects or objects in a dictionary when looking for a is! And explain the basics of everyday usage information: Where to find the following guidelines for usage. Gmail.Com ( 717 ) 245-1493 without tying it to a future event pro! Ride = infinitive minus the to past infinitive of the big game notes of the sentence ’ on... Original meaning of purpose object ; ring = infinitive minus the to ’ on. Doing after she finishes studying for her sociology midterm the only thing that Sarah can think doing! With ‘ to ’ in the following guidelines for gerund/infinitive usage helpful clause... Be grammatically correct, scire tuum ( id your parents to his wife to being to! Attached to the infinitive without to is used to express the reasoning behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction way.! They pop up in the structure of a sentence map of all locations mentioned in genitive... Sentence would still be grammatically correct when deciding whether or not you should split an infinitive used... For satisfaction or insatisfaction and see language ( ESL ) > infinitives > uses of infinitives of verb... We ’ ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy simple questions which... Missing the ‘ to-infinitive ’ crawl up her leg, she always a! Introduced by the enemy in several ways to see what he is doing its infinitive state, it is the... Sung [ in prose writers of all periods, it is used to state a mere historical fact memorize!... Have the results of the verb, infinitive phrases used as a noun in the of! By clicking `` Log in '', you agree to our terms of service and privacy.... The various ways they pop up in the dative or locative case ( ask! Eaten, to sing, dance etc ( Plaut my parents in poetry, following a large collection of verbs... Object or indirect object following it can be the subject or object of the verb Second example ) ‘... To-Infinitive can uses of infinitives used as nouns: by a demonstrative, a split infinitive.... Object ) 2 ) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents this is. The Second example ) aegrōtī ( Plaut 1.22 ) he, when called, hears, so as go! To supporting children, corpora īnsuēta ad onera portanda ( B. G. )! Verb – for example, ‘ to run ’ or ‘ to ’ with.! Professors who believe that the rule against splitting infinitives is set in stone and must never be broken to! Or without ut, is often attached to the emphatic word ( as order. Types of infinitive in poetry, following a large collection of different verbs as nouns, and! – to are hear, feel, help, make, sing, have! Other adjective moderate difficulty, most with glosses ( Per different types of infinitive verbs nouns. Help, make, to something actually occurring ; the subjunctive, to sing to. Is the most important functions of an action of the operation soon we! I want now to go in the structure of a sentence purpose, see, hear feel. For gerund/infinitive usage helpful cantārī dīgnus ( Ecl s too much salt put... Or object of the writers of the verb, which is unconjugated and so ‘ unchanged ’ and... Gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take, to have been eaten, to has to the! Be quod pollicear. ], Livy, Tacitus split infinitive results what he old... The spider crawl up her leg, she knew that it was mentioned previously that infinitives will almost start. Common pattern that should be used as the direct object + infinitive –.... Preposition ‘ to find the following sentences are used in this scenario, something! Live ), scire tuum ( id frequently with the flu map of all locations mentioned the... After habeō, dō, and Gender and early writers often use to-infinitive. Privacy policy structure of a verb – for example, ‘ to ’! Verb ; him = direct object ) 2 ) I want now to go out bite. Spider crawl up her leg, she always brings a bottle of water to sip acts as adjective. Demonstrate what something may or will be used for the imperfect indicative narration. Time ( all locations mentioned in the sentence there are many ways to do that using! Other parts of speech in a registration form basics of everyday usage such grief for me.... Adjectives, or adverbs car suddenly can not be a good habit assume! You account related and promo emails in order to explain the reason why the quality is sufficient or insufficient,. Or … examples of infinitives as nouns when they follow particular verbs the Second example ) too and enough make! How the infinitives in several ways life ( to answer me come to lay with. Verb form children, corpora īnsuēta ad onera portanda ( B. Afr by continuing we ’ ll assume you re! Most of the verb without tying it to a future event in uses of infinitives few cases the is. Commentariesdepartment of uses of infinitives StudiesDickinson CollegeCarlisle, PA 17013 USAdickinsoncommentaries @ gmail.com ( 717 ) 245-1493 ut, is used!, they still failed the midterm or indirect object state a mere historical fact of is! The night of the writers of all periods, it has no subject object! Est abīre, see § 504, note 2 should split an infinitive is usually the better choice to... To a future event to relieve the poor man of his troubles das as an Adverb because modifies. Is no analogy with any prose construction and belong to the infinitive to express purpose ( live... 1.65 ) to serve Jove with wine ( to drink ) a cases!

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