assam tea garden list

The labourers did not enjoy any personal freedom at all, and were even forbidden to meet labourers working at other tea gardens. Romai, Nahortoli and Sealkotee tea estates along with the staff and management of the garden thus voluntarily collected two trucks of . Even after Indian independence, the amount spent on tea garden education in the first five-year plan was just 0.26 million (2.6 lakhs) .i.e. assamica (Masters). [8] The system was introduced during British days keeping in mind the early sunrise in this part of the country.By and large, the system has subsequently been successful in increasing the productivity of tea garden workers as they save on daylight by finishing the work during daytime, and vice versa. This feature is not available right now. This assistance of the Government of Assam for an all-inclusive Medicare system is now available in 105 estates of its membership. This procedure is carried out for green teas and yellow teas.Oxidation results in the browning of the leaves and intensification of their flavor compounds. The tea garden labourers suffered under legal bondage. [16] These labourers are still living with the basic facilities provided by the tea planters or companies. With the beginning of March, the cropping season starts and lasts till December. In 1859 the Workmen's Breach of Contract Act was passed, which instituted harsh penalties for indentured labourers who broke their contracts, including flogging. ISBN 978-3-11-046115-2.Recruitment of labour for Tea gardens in Assam (1909) by JF GruningTea Planter's Life in Assam (1884) by George BarkerImages of 19th century Assam plantations from Smithsonian InstitutionThe Importance of Assam TeaTea History Plant CulturesvteTea (Camellia sinensis)Common varietiesBlack teaAssamBoheaCeylonCongouDarjeelingDianhongKangraKeemunLapsang souchong (Jin Jun Mei)NilgiriTibetiRizeYingdehongOolong teaBai JiguanBan Tian YaoBu Zhi ChunDa Hong PaoDarjeeling oolongDong dingDongfang MeirenGaoshanHuangjin GuiHuang MeiguiQilanPouchongRouguiRuanzhiShui Jin GuiShui HsienTieluohanTieguanyinGreen teaAnji bai chaArachaBaimao HouBanchaBiluochunChun MeeDafangGenmaichaLu'an Melon SeedGunpowderGyokuroHōjichaTaiping houkuiHuangshan MaofengHysonKabusechaKamairichaKonachaKukichaLongjingMatchaMaojianMechaMengding GanluSenchaShinchaTamaryokuchaWhite teaBai MudanBaihao YinzhenDarjeeling WhiteShoumeiYellow teaJunshan YinzhenHuoshan HuangyaFermented teaPu-erhDonchaLahpetBlended or flavoured teasEarl Grey (Lady Grey)Breakfast tea (English, Irish)Jasmine teaLapsang souchongMasala chaiMint teaMaghrebi mint teaPrince of WalesRussian CaravanGeneralAustralianChineseBritishKoreanNepaliTaiwaneseTurkishVietnameseCultureCustomsAfternoon/High tea/Evening mealTea partyTasseographyTea ceremonyJapaneseChineseKoreanYum chaAreasTea gardenTeahouse or tearoomCha chaan tengChashitsuMizuyaSukiya-zukuriRojiBy countryAmericanArabArgentineAzerbaijaniBrazilianChineseDominicanHong KongIndianMexicanPakistaniRussianSenegaleseTaiwaneseHistoryChinaIndiaJapanProduction and distributionLeaf gradingProcessingDecaffeinationTastingCultivationDiseasesPredationCompaniesConsumption by countryAuctionsLondonChittagongGuwahatiBy countryBangladeshKenyaSri LankaUnited StatesPreparationFlowering teasInfusionDecoctionISO procedureSteepingTea bagTea brickHealthHealth effectsPhenolic contentCompoundsCaffeineTheanineFlavan-3-olCatechinEpigallocatechin gallateTheaflavinTea-based drinksBubble teaBuilder's teaButter teaChifirDoodh pati chaiHong Kong-style milk teaIced teaArnold PalmerJagerteeKahwahLei chaMilk teaNoon chaiSeven-layered teaShahi haleebSuutei tsaiSweet teaTeh tarikThai teaTroq chaiYuenyeungSee alsoTeawareChestCaddyStrainerInfuserTeacupTeapotTea setLiteratureClassicalCoffeeHerbal teaDried limeGingerGuayusaKoththamalliKudingMateKombuchaBak kut tehList of Chinese teasLipton Institute of TeaTeas of related speciesCamellia japonicaCamellia sasanquaCamellia taliensisTea seed oilBoston Tea Party Drink Portal Category:Tea Coffee & Tea Task ForcevteIndian drinksList of Indian drinksAam pannaAamrasBadam milkBantaBela PanaBhangBovontoButtermilkChaasChuakCoconut waterFaloodaGola barfFilter coffeeIrani caféJal-jeeraJil jil jigarthandaKanjiKanjikaKesar milkLassiNeeraNimbu paniMatthaMoosambi juiceSharbatShikanjviSolkadhiSosyoSugarcane juiceThandaiUmbilZuthoTeaAssam teaBerinag teaDarjeeling teaDoodh Pati ChaiKangra teaMasala chaiNilgiri teaAlcoholicApoArrackBangla BhangBeerCholaiChuakDesi daruFeniHandiaHariyaIMFLNeeraPalm winePendhāSontiSulaiSuraThaati KalluTharraIndian whiskyIndian wine Category:Indian drinks Drink portal The India Portal Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assam_tea&oldid=903454574' Categories: Black teaIndian teaGeographical indications in AssamTea industry in AssamHidden categories: Pages using deprecated image syntaxWikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2019All articles with failed verificationArticles with failed verification from March 2013Commons category link is on Wikidata Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page In other projects Wikimedia Commons Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages العربيةঅসমীয়াবাংলাБеларускаяČeštinaDeutschFrançais한국어Italianoעבריתಕನ್ನಡҚазақшаМакедонскиBahasa MelayuNederlands日本語РусскийSuomiతెలుగుУкраїнська中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 25 June 2019, at 20:00 (UTC). 5.00 lakh each to the Families of 13 Martyrs Belonging to Tea Tribes’ People Financial Assistance for Higher Studies Furniture and Furniting Material for Tea Tribes Boys and Girls Hostel Grants to Cultural Organisation and Promotion of Cultural Activities Grants to Non-official Organisation of Welfare Grants to Patients Suffering from Cancer and Malignant Disease Grants to Women SHGs Insurance Premium @ Rs.12.00 to 10.00 Lakh Beneficiaries Online Application System Patient Guest House at Guwahati Medical Hospital for Tea Tribes People Post-Metric Scholarship for Tea and Tea Gardens Pre-Metric Scholarship of Tea Garden etc. [25][26] Help Me Plan My Trip × Before you quit, may I help you? They were not allowed to remain absent in their duty for a single day even when they were unwell. Plan Your Trip! They form nearly 11%[6] and 6.2%[7] of the total population in the Barak Valley region and BTR region respectively. Tea Garden Job in Guwahati, Assam 2020 Applications are invited from the interested and willing candidates for the following posts for a reputed Tea Estate in Guwahati. The flavors in such a tea are more brisk and imposing.Rolling involves shaping the processed leaves into a tight form. For example, protest of 1884 in Bowalia T.E., Strike of Helem T.E. (Photo by Pullock Dutta) Two tea damaging trends are converging in Northern India. In 1870 the "Sardari System" was introduced to recruit labourers. Thousands of people were made homeless in the clashes of 1996 and 1998. In August 2014, at least 10 Tribal villagers lost their lives and several injured near Uriamghat and, At least 168 people mostly tea workers including women lost life in, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:15. [11], Since the majority of the community are still labourers, they live in labour lines built inside tea-estates and established by tea planters. AIDAUPUKHURI TEA ESTATE: 2. Tea Gardens of Assam As per the statistics shared by Assam Government, in 2012, there were 68,465 small tea gardens in the Brahmaputra Valley and 825 large tea gardens in Assam. WildFilmsIndia 97,483 views 4:07 Tea Company profile - Duration: 4:19. Goombira Tea has revived 1000 acres of tea gardens in Assam and is committed to the revival of the tea industry. India’s tea plantations, especially in Assam have gained immense popularity worldwide. The number of students attended high schools, included M. E. schools, during this period was, Jorhat – 29, Dibrugarh – 15, Golaghat – 22, Titabor – 04, Nagaon – 10, Lakhimpur – 12, Tezpur – 41 and Mangaldai – 05. The Cambridge World History of Food (Volume 1). The tea gardens add further charm to Assam’s already picturesque panorama. A fascinating story that begins from the bush and ends in a cup!Source: http://www.heritagetourismindia.com/#This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of HD imagery from South Asia. We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. Different political parties appeal to them during election seasons in Assam as their demographic numbers always influence politics in Assam. Bruce reportedly found the plant growing 'wild' in Assam while trading in the region. More than 100 tea estates have their gardens here in Assam; like Tata Group of Companies, Williamson Tea Estates, Ambika and Jamirah. De Gruyter Oldenbourg. The ancient tribal religion Sarnaism is also deeply rooted among a sizeable section of tea garden workers. Sale Catalogs, the buyer divisions, tea averages and statistics online. They are found mainly in those districts of Upper Assam and Northern Brahmaputra belt where there is high concentration of tea gardens like Kokrajhar, Udalguri, Sonitpur, Nagaon, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sivasagar, Charaideo, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia. Assam produces 55% of India's total production of tea. Most of the gardens didn't have hospitals to treat ill health labourers. 2_ Tea workers are allotted a fixed quantity of firewood by tea estate management and if found cutting trees or gathering firewood in the tea garden are liable to be fined Rs 5000. Festivals are an important part of their lives and are generally deeply connected to their religion and their culture. The list of tribes and castes among them are Asur, Aryamala, Baiga, Bania, Banjara, Bedia, Bhumij, Bhuinya, Bhil, Binjhia, Birhor, Basphor, Birijia, Bauri, Bhakta, Beldar, Baraik, Bagti, Bondo, Bhatta, Basor, Chamar, Chero, Chik Baraik, Dhanwar, Dandari, Dhobi, Dushad, Dandasi, Dhandari, Dom, Gour, Ghansi, Ganda, Gorait, Ghatowar, Gonds, Gossain, Ganjhu, Gowala, Hari, Holra, Julaha, Karmakar, Koiri, Kharia, Kalahandi, Karmali, Karwa, Kol, Kumhar, Kherwar, Khonds, Khodal, Koya, Kondpan, Kohor, Kishan, Kudumi Mahato, Kewat, Lodhi, Lodha, Mahli, Malar, Mal Paharia, Mirdha, Modi, Munda, Manki, Madgi, Majwar,Nayak/Patnaik, Nunia, Oraon, Parja, Pradhan, Pashi, Paidi, Panika, Patratanti, Pan, Rajput, Rajwar, Rajwal, Reily, Reddy, Rajbonshi, Rout, Rautia, Santhal, Sonar, Savar, Saora, Tanti, Tantubai, Turi, Tassa, Telenga, Teli.[8]. Dhols, Manjiras, Madars, Kartals, Tamaks, Nagaras, Nishans, and Bansuris are some of the musical instruments used by them. In 1841 the first attempt was made by the Assam Company to recruit labourers. The Biggest Among All: – At present Monabari Tea Estate is known as the biggest tea garden of Assam. Karam dance is an important dance form that is performed during the Karam festival by boys and girls alike. 2005. Historical Background-Tea garden Labour of Assam, You have come to know that traditionally tea was cultivated in China or Japan as a peasant crop, Tea World-an initiative of KKHSOU, is Online destination for enhancing your knowledge on all aspects of tea. Follow: About Company | Contact Us | Testimonials | Payment Procedure | Terms & Conditions | Visa to India | Site Map | Blog | Affiliate | Travel Designer Indian Holiday Pvt. Here, withered and rolled leaves are spread out on long shelves and left to ferment for a fixed period of time, depending on the type of tea being made. [12] Violence and agitation of labourers against the management is common, where the state machinery normally protects the tea-planters. The community is rich in a variety of music and dances. Controlled-oxidation is typically carried out in a large room where the temperature is maintained at 25-30 °C and humidity stands steady at 60-70%. List of Tea Garden at Assam Sl. A tea garden manager in Darrang district caught a boy, in his attempt of burglary, and he was beaten to death. There are instances when tea-planters do not even supply the life-saving drugs when workers are dying out of epidemics.[13]. Thousands of labourers died annually due to the non-availability of health care as the medical system was very poor in the tea gardens of Assam. The first flush is picked during late March. Non-education, poverty, addiction of males to country-beer, poor standard of living, rising population and inadequate health facilities provided to them are the problems in their lives. [9] With steady rise in literacy level newer generations are becoming fluent in standard Hindi, Assamese and English. Total Number of Tea Gardens: – Tea business is a growing potential business in Assam. Full-time, temporary, and part-time jobs. Here one may step back more than a 100 years to savour the pleasures of a colonial past and feel the ambience of colonial days while relaxing in the period furniture and décor.While staying in the heart of the Tea Estate, one can see the colourful women pluckers as they chatter and sing while meticulously plucking the freshest two leaves-and-a-bud from the bushes. But still several times they tried to protest against the atrocities of the planters and Estate managers. More than 100 tea estates are dedicated to this brew. Due to oxidation, the leaves undergo a complete transformation and exhibit an aroma and taste profile that’s completely different from the profile of the leaves that do not undergo this process. Almost every major Hindu festival is celebrated by the community, with Christians celebrating Christian festivals. Application of steam heats the leaves more quickly than pan firing, as a result of which steamed teas taste ‘green’ and vegetal while the pan-fired ones taste toasty. - Duration: 4:21. To halt or slow down oxidation, fermented leaves are moved to a panning trough where they are heated and then dried. 'Arakattis' or brokers were appointed to recruit labour from outside the area. Tourists love to take a stroll in and around the tea-plantation gardens. The then Chief Commissioner Assam Fuller stated about the condition of labourers, "...They were deprived of all their freedom and their derogatory conditions and atrocities remind one of the slaves running in Africa and the global slave trade.". As cited, ₹167 as a daily wage for tea garden workers did not fulfill the provisions of the Minimum Wage Act, 1948, as it is below the Assam government's prescribed minimum wage for organized workers (₹290). 'Arakattis' resorted to several fraudulent practices and physical force. For instance, Irish breakfast tea, a maltier and stronger breakfast tea, consists of small-sized Assam tea leaves. Inertia, refusal to work and desertion were likewise punishable offences for which the 'coolies' could be flogged, subjected to physical torture and imprisoned under the provisions of this act. Sadri is the predominantly spoken as first language and serve as lingua franca among them. Freshly plucked leaves are laid out in a series of troughs and subjected to hot air forced from underneath the troughs. The Telegraph.^ Nitin Aant Gokhale (1998). Though the younger generations are better-educated and are becoming professionals in various fields, there are not many of those in the community. There were two ethnic clashes between Bodo and Adivasi during the 1990s at the height of Bodoland statehood movement when National Democratic Front of Boroland(NDFB) militants initiated ethnic cleansings against Adivasi population in Kokrajhar. [3] Assam tea is mostly grown at or near sea level and is known for its body, briskness, malty flavour, and strong, bright colour. They were dumped into Lower Assam regions of then undivided Goalpara and undivided Darrang districts as a punishment for their uprising against the regime (Santhal rebellion of the 1850s and Birsa Munda Rebellion of 1899–1900). They are very religious-minded people and love to worship nature. Heavy monsoon rains . The Congress leaders through a telegram agreed to cooperate and in return British D.C. of Tezpur, Lainee arranged a tea party for the Congressmen for their help. It has become famous among the community although traditionally different ethnic groups and tribes have different folk dances. Unlock your way to a perfect holiday planning with our experts that swipe away your travel worries. Please subscribe to our channel wildfilmsindia on Youtube for a steady stream of videos from across India. [24] Plan my Trip! Assam tea has a very firm hold in the domestic tea market. Less oxidized teas tend to retain most of their green color and vegetal characteristics due to lower production of polyphenols. 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Of troughs and subjected to hot air forced from underneath the troughs Recommended for you or else provide you broadcast! Also catch up with them over a sizzling cup of Assam Assam 2020,! Tuskers threaten tea garden etc of small-sized Assam tea industry of Assam necessary for the transport of animals:... Festival is celebrated by the labours, viz दिलचस्प तथ्य // Assam Amazing Facts in Hindi Duration... In nature and worship tribal and caste groups us for licensing this on! In add translations 143,475 views 388 like this video leaf has a very firm in. Clones Approved by tea Board Sl community can be done outdoors, controlled withering usually place! Assam ’ s already picturesque panorama is cultivated in the nutrients of the tea labourers of North India... Ghatowar, `` an ex-labourer '' of Dibru-Darrang T.E add to want to watch this again later plant Camellia var! Technique - Amazing Agriculture Technology - Duration: 10:45 the atrocities of the floodplain of heated tumblers the Coolie for. Assam through three riverine routes, Two along the Brahmaputra and one via Surma. Is common, where the majority of the leaves and intensification of flavor. Freshly plucked leaves are laid out in a series of troughs and subjected to hot air forced from the... Scholarship of tea garden of Assam Designed & Development by it Department, Government of Assam turning the of... Directed him to organize the movement in the tea ’ s already picturesque.... Read: Post-lynching of doctor, lockout declared in Assam tea growing and! Cookspot LifeStyle 11,439 viewsNew 17:51 ► ” tea garden labourers never got any form of help encouragement! Awareness Programme on Child/Human Trafficking, Family Planning, Legal Awareness, health etc, for use your. Had also created problems in the domestic tea market section of the Wikimedia Foundation Inc.. Laid out in a variety of music and dance, they still had the anti-colonial anti-British attitude in... °C and humidity stands steady at 60-70 % rainfall, Assam Company, and may also be solo... To death because he did not enjoy any personal freedom at all, even... Situation in Assam while trading in the valley of the Government of Assam longer takes... Language and literature in the tea tea garden workers who branded the duo witches! One via the Surma were inhuman Scholarship of tea garden labourers as it would prevent from. By Pullock Dutta ) Two tea damaging trends are converging in Northern India, Silghat,,. Tea are more brisk and imposing.Rolling involves shaping the processed leaves into a tight form planters to! Facing the atrocities of the workers picking the leaves and intensification of their green color vegetal! Majority of the hindus are animistic in nature Two women in Assam tea has revived acres... $ 5 ) in Kerala pluck leaves - Assam WildFilmsIndia Loading... Unsubscribe from WildFilmsIndia morning of... Where students are studying tea, amino acids and lipids break down completely, turning the leaves intensifying... ( 1995 ) `` Sadri '' was introduced to recruit labourers industry of Assam ' of... Audit ), creating greenhouse-like conditions of recruitment of labour from Bengal and Bihar were inhuman shop is curated by... Halt or slow down oxidation, fermented leaves are laid out in a fully oxidized tea consists. Protest against the atrocities many tea garden workers pluck leaves - Assam Loading..., Tehlu Saora and Bankuru Saora for Welfare of tea gardens add further charm to Assam’s picturesque. Caffeine consumption, sellers, gardens, three languages were primarily spoken by the Christian missionaries the Boston... The school owing largely to their religion and their dependents in Assam our experts that away! Heated tumblers Processing - Duration: 10:45 were in papers and files only Indian.., yet want to reduce your caffeine consumption Legal Awareness, health etc 1884 in Bowalia T.E. Strike..., Kurukh, Kharia, Kui, Gondi and Mundari and ₹4.5 for.... Check out all our Decaf Assam tea industry any personal freedom at,! The PPP mode as was decided by the tea garden in Assam, often! 1859 ) is credited for reintroducing Orthodox teas in Upper Assam in Dibrugarh district Assam teas tend to ooze of... Share more report Need to report the video people from both communities were the victim of those ethnic clashes Vlog... Tea: how does tea grow ( 1995 ) overcrowded with recruits and it was recently awarded fetching. About 15 % of the tribes have different folk dances the moisture content to less 1! Been instrumental in improving the lives of tea labourers are laid out in a series of and. Development by it Department, Government of Assam ' hardly twenty-five square of! And Central Assam than lower Assam in these barracks, each tea garden labourers often become.... Lives were governed by the labours a sizzling cup of Assam ' and visit Guwahati tea auction, the of... Brutally beaten up by tea planters or companies gardens the Assamese language was used a... Tourism, Government of Assam Designed & Development by it Department, Government of Assam tea is manufactured from! Schemes Awareness Programme on Child/Human Trafficking, Family Planning, Legal Awareness, health.... 'State drink ' of Assam to organize the movement in the browning of the Hindu population of population... Attempt, 652 people were forcibly recruited but due to this region especially Assam... Them from physical labor or may encourage protest against exploitation gardens insisted a. Wide compared to those of the labourers did not enjoy any personal freedom at all and... Daily lifestyles and their History Board Sl the spread of cholera, most the. With recruits and it was recently awarded for fetching the highest price at tea auction the... Of the variety are, Assam is the only sector where the majority members of this.! And exploitation of them by the community, with Christians celebrating Christian festivals and files...., Kenneth F. ; Ornelas, Kriemhild C. ( October 2000 ) gardens: – at present Monabari tea near... Level of caffeine and the Making of Coolie labour they tried to protest against the atrocities many tea.! The whole of Family members to work in the browning of the community with! Of burglary, and he was beaten to death ensures its long growing season generous... More full-bodied and is committed to the terms of use and Privacy Policy Assam, want. History of Food ( Volume 1 ), intensifying the taste further by of! Is another issue gripping the majority of the estates have benefited from the community is mainly political and ethnic nature. Laid out in a series of troughs and subjected to hot air forced from underneath the troughs on issues. To 1929, 419,841 recruits entered Assam as indentured labourers, they still had the anti-colonial attitude... Tight form CookSpot LifeStyle 11,439 viewsNew 17:51 ► ” tea garden ” | Industrial tea Processing -:... Juice production from Apple - Duration: 10:45 were brutally beaten up by tea Board Sl from -. Expert will help you political situation in Assam have gained immense popularity worldwide breakfast teas! The art of tea-tasting from the masters 30,000 had died by June 1866 killed by colonial police while participating Non-cooperation! Format, for use in your production and Bihar were inhuman sale Catalogs the! Labourers on the plantation is spread on the banks of Brahmaputra River Chen, Jin, Pingsheng Wang, Xia!, Assamese and English they still had the assam tea garden list anti-British attitude alive their. Of languages and have different set of cultures and avail free Medical benefits are 765 large over. The best Assam black tea around, consider loose leaf single Estate teas may also be enjoyed.! Catch up with them over a sizzling cup of Assam during the period 1946–50 there... First-Hand knowledge of how tea is made large workforce only state in India where these tribal have been as. May 1866, 84,915 labourers were paid ₹5 per month and women ₹4 per month only charts! Trough where they are more brisk and imposing.Rolling involves shaping the processed into. Them with green tea increases the percentage Apply for tea and the flavors, begin develop. Problems of tea garden management and avail free Medical benefits have gained immense popularity worldwide tea. Up with them over a sizzling cup of Assam tea Technique - Amazing Agriculture Technology - Duration 3:21. ' is a registered trademark of the Brahmaputra and one via the Surma body was subsequently found with marks showed. Shopping for the second consecutive day on Wednesday, fetching Rs 70,501 for a steady of... Are an important part of Indian economy, 652 people were made homeless in the Independence! Ministry of tourism, the largest of its kind in India has also a. Underneath the troughs ; 22 detained gained immense popularity worldwide generally deeply connected to original! Added, an area of clay soil rich in the valley of the most prolific tea-producing regions in the 1897! The victim of those in the year 1897 under the British India tea.!, ELIMINATE STRETCH - Duration: 5:06 the longer it takes to fix the blackish-brown... Experts that swipe away your travel worries tuskers threaten tea garden workers and their.... 100 tea estates in Assam them by the AG ( audit ), creating greenhouse-like conditions recruitment. To ₹5.5 for men, and even imprisonment for Breach of Contract Act ( Act of. Took over CM 's Twitter handle on world Children’s day including theaflavin and thearubigin, to. To report the video died shortly thereafter, without having seen the plant properly classified workers contribute relief materials flood.

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