270 vs 308 for elk

The Lyman 50th Edition (197-198, p241-245), and Hornady 10th Edition (p251-355, p474-488) reloading manuals were also used as references for the history of the cartridges and provided data to compare their size and recoil. Additionally, Winchester recognized serious commercial potential with the 7.62x51mm cartridge and introduced the extremely similar .308 Winchester cartridge for the civilian hunting and shooting markets in the 1950s. 130s have certainly proven their lethality over time, but I’m primarily a meat hunter, and I’ve been less than pleased with what 150 gr 308 does to meat. The 444 marlin puts a big hole in one side and out the other leaving a good blood trail if you have to track, but an animal hit with a 444 marlin mostly drops on the spot,or goes less than 25 – 50 yards. This data is for Federal factory ammo using a 200 yard zero. On the other hand, the majority of .270 Winchester factory loads shoot bullets in the 120-150 grain range. For this reason, the .270 Winchester is used in standard/long action rifles, while the .308 Winchester is the poster child for short action rifles. In the .270 a 140-grain bullet is a credible and standard choice. I moved away from Wyoming and settled here along the Gulf Coast of Florida where deer are much smaller. But I’d opt for something of stouter construction for a 130 gr 270, which means a bit more expensive. Are you just itching to take a rifle chambered in one of these cartridges on a hunt? Especially when using a heavy bullet (180+ grains), the .308 has a significant advantage when hunting most plains game in Africa like blue wildebeest, kudu, and eland. My dark timber Elk load is … On the other hand, since it shoots heavier and larger diameter bullets, the .308 Winchester has a clear advantage when hunting larger species moose, elk, and caribou. By necking down the .30-06 case to shoot smaller diameter bullets, the designers of the .270 Winchester built a cartridge with a higher velocity, flatter trajectory, and less recoil than the .30-06 Springfield. Remington made a great cartridge in the 280, but really botched the rollout and the cartridge has never recovered. In this hunter’s opinion, 175 gr 280 Rem and 180 gr 308W hit a sweet spot in bullet performance. One, lung-shot by a client with a .270, reared as might a horse then fell backward, … I live and have hunted in Colorado for more than 45 years with a .270. Of course Remington and Winchester produce the Model 70 and Model 700 rifles in .270 and .308 Winchester. Case capacities for the .270 Win and .308 Win were obtained from Nosler. While recoil is more or less comparable between the two cartridges, typical .308 Winchester loads do not have as flat of a trajectory as typical .270 loads. My open country load is a Sierra 130gr SPBT @ 2940 to 3000 fps depending on which rifle I have in my hands. Both are also great for similarly sized game like black bear, feral hogs, javelina, mule deer, and pronghorn as well as exotic game like axis, sika, and fallow deer. However, since most modern .30-06 factory loads have a small edge in velocity (usually around 100-200fps) over .308 factory loads shooting the same weight bullet, the advantage in velocity of the .270 Winchester is even more pronounced when compared to the .308. If you are looking to shoot a decent sized bullet at some pretty good distances, either of these choices might be the right one for you. It saw use in the military from the early 1950’s (mostly in the 7.62x51mm variation, which has small differences from the .308 Winchester) until the United States started the move over to the 5.56×45 NATO cartridge when they moved from the M14 to the M16 around the Vietnam era. Both cartridges are capable of outstanding accuracy, but the .270 Winchester is used almost exclusively as a hunting cartridge. Get a nice hunting rifle chambered in the cartridge that you think fits your needs the best, learn to shoot it well, use quality bullets, and you’ll be well prepared for most common hunting situations. Momentum (not KE) is king when it comes to penetration, and heavier bullets retain it better than lighter bullets. As we’ll discuss in a minute, this is partly due to the widespread use of the .308 Winchester (and other .30 caliber cartridges like the .30-06, .300 Win Mag, .300 Ultra Mag, and 300 PRC) in long distance shooting competitions. This, then, extends the 270's MPBR and increases its long range drop advantage even more, as this next ballistics table shows.270 Winchester with 268-Yard Zero Here, then, is a real apples-to-apples ballistic comparison. Indeed, they’re both consistently among the most popular centerfire rifle cartridges used in the United States each year for good reason. After all, the recoil of the .308 is very similar to the .270. Note: there is quite a bit of overlap with the performance of various 150 grain loads for both the .270 Winchester and .308 Winchester. The US Army began the search for a new rifle and cartridge after receiving a deadly demonstration of the capabilities of the revolutionary new Mauser rifle and 7mm Mauser cartridge in the hands of Spanish troops in Cuba during 1898. The .270 bullet is about 10% as big as the .308 Winchester with the same size casing that has been necked down to fit a .277 diameter bullet, but has been known to take down animals ranging from things smaller than Coyotes to animals like elk and moose. Simple fact is with a premium bullet both the 270 and 7mm-08 are perfectly adequate given good shot placement. Deer, bear, moose, elk: they’ll all go down from a well placed 308 or 30-06. But Western Cartridge Company’s Lubaloy jacket, comprising 90 percent copper, 8 percent zinc and 2 percent … Instead of .284″ bullets like the 7mm Mauser (and more recently developed cartridges like the 7mm-08, .280 Remington, .280 Ackley Improved, and 7mm Remington Magnum), the .270 Winchester used .277″ bullets which undoubtedly hampered adoption of the cartridge to a certain degree. For these reasons, some elk hunters are calling it an extremely promising lightweight backcountry rifle. After a very controversial selection process, the Army eventually settled on the M-14 rifle and the new 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. 223/5.56 vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know. My solution to this dilemma was to have one of each, (I actually have 2 .308s) in addition to the .30-06. I have always been a believer in heavier bullets regardless of the difference in drift because of lower BCs with heavy’s. ... Because a 150gr .270 has a high sectional density than a 150gr .308. Introduced by Hornady in 2007, the 6.5 Creedmoor is easily the hottest-selling rifle … ]. Excepting 375 H&H and 375 Ruger, there’s a reason dangerous games cartridges aren’t generally any faster than about 2200-2300 fps. Providing approximately 90% of the power of the .30-06 in a smaller package, the cartridge soon became very popular and is now one of the most widely used big game hunting rounds in North America. The .308, as mentioned above, has some awesome man-stopping ability that has been proven through service in multiple wars, especially when using the. But, even then I think the hunter is on a very thin edge of killing efficacy. Though the 7.62x51mm NATO had a very short lived career as the primary rifle cartridge for the US military, it’s still widely used by the military in machineguns and sniper/designated marksman rifles. However, the .308 has a slightly steeper shoulder angle (20 degrees vs 17.5 degrees). Remember that generally the .308 is going to hit a bit harder because of the size of the bullet. Similar to the abundant ammunition choices available in .308 Winchester and .270 Winchester, there are also plenty of quality rifles manufactured in the two cartridges. Win. Two rifles that are known to compete against each other. Others consider it adequate, but not ideal. The .308 was originally introduced in 1952, and has arguably become one of the most popular rounds for hunting and long range shooting. And even though the .270 is skinnier, its .5 inch increase in the casing length allows it to hold more powder and can withstand 3,000 more units of pressure than the .308. I prefer the Barnes TSX but to each his own. Updated: May 10, 2019. Those same characteristics also make it a very good choice for mountain goat in Canada or Himalayan Tahr and chamois while hunting in New Zealand. The .270 Win has a muzzle energy of around 3000 foot pounds, meaning that it has this much energy when the bullet exits the muzzle of the barrel. Sure, you can get away with it, especially with today’s extra-heavy bullets, but I think it’s foolish. The .308 commonly has a 150 to 180 grain range. P.S. The lighter 150-grain loads make a sound choice for deer and antelope hunters, and for those who want to take their .308 for heavier game like moose, elk and bear, there are a good number of 180- and 200-grain loads to choose from. 270 Winchester. Both cartridges will work, but the .308 Winchester is probably the better choice in this case since it uses larger diameter and heavier bullets that are well suited for very large or tough animals. Buy some of the best .270 Winchester hunting ammo here. The original 7.62x51mm NATO M80 ball load fired a 146 grain full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet at 2,750 feet per second (2,469 foot pounds of muzzle energy). Like many other cartridges developed in the United States, the story of the .270 and .308 Winchester begins with the .30-06 Springfield. The faster 150 grain bullets were tried for mule deer but I was disappointed with the significant meat damage. Find a tough cartridge for one of the most prized and toughest hooved big game animals around. With a significantly flatter trajectory and more resistance to wind, the cartridge does very well on longer shots, particuarly on thin skinned game like mule deer, pronghorn, sheep, or tahr. Both have historically been phenomenal hunting rounds, bringing down both small and big game. Many western hunters annually take elk with 6mms and .25s. I`m open to try bullets that I haven`t tried before. The data used to compare the trajectory and wind drift of the cartridges was obtained from Federal. Barrel life on a 308 is about 10,000 rounds while 6.5cm is about 3,000. This is only a preference, not a requirement for me. Maximum pressure obtained from SAAMI (p171 and p172). The .308 was still used quite frequently in the military even after this time, mostly as a longer range round. for longer range better go for the 7mm Rem Mag or 300 Win Mag/300 Wby Mag with 180gr. So I bought a Glenfield carbine in 30-30 and fitted it with a 2-7X scope. On the other hand, even though the .270 Winchester does shoot flatter in many cases, military and police snipers, hunters, and practical and/or long distance shooting competitors have all used the .308 Winchester extensively over the years. However, the 7.62x51mm achieved that performance with a much shorter case (51mm vs 63mm) due to advances in powder technology that occurred after the development of the .30-06. The end of this Season 270 vs 308. Would be even happier with 168 Ballistic Tips, but couldn't find any before the season. But if you are looking for a hunting rifle or something that you can go shoot at targets at long range, both of these rounds would be excellent choices. On the other hand, the .308 Winchester is relatively common in semi-automatic sporting rifles like the AR-10 and M1A. Gilding metal (90 percent copper, 10 percent zinc) was first thought too soft for the friction generated by 150-grain bullets in .30-06 service ammunition. The .308 Winchester has the edge with these particular 150 grain loads, but there are also instances where certain 150 grain .270 Winchester loads have the edge in terms of trajectory, retained energy, and wind drift. In fact, I’d wager that they’re both among the Top 10 (if not the Top 5) best selling rifle cartridges in the United States each year. They’re both about the same up to 150 gr bullets, but 160 and 175 gr bullets are easily obtained for 280R, and in a wide variety of cartridge and bullet makers. The .270 Win is a very efficient round for most hunting, but, if I’m going for moose I want nothing less than the .30-06. Within a few decades, the .270 Winchester was firmly entrenched as one of the most popular hunting cartridges used in the United States. https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/270-vs-280-remington-vs-280-ackley-improved-vs-7mm-mag/, Great article both of these rounds are plenty capable of humanly killing most North American medium to large game Do you primarily hunt deer sized game (including black bear) at ranges less than 200 yards? Both cartridges have the same .473″ rim diameter. Bullet selection becomes really important with a 150 grain pill fired out of a .308 intended for elk. Felt recoil will vary from shooter to shooter and rifle to rifle, but free recoil energy is still a useful way to compare cartridges.Interestingly enough, all four loads have almost identical recoil. These may be benefits to you for the .270, but don’t let them be the end all decision for you. 6.5 Creedmoor vs. 270 - which cartridges are an ideal companion when hunting?Finding the answer to this question is no piece of cake. John However, the folks at Winchester went the opposite route and necked down the .30-06 to use .277″ instead of .308″ bullets. I’m more than happy to shoot inexpensive bullets like Speer Grand Slam (180 gr and 175 grain, respectively) out of a 308 or 280 Rem. Remember to keep in mind what kind of platform you would like to be shooting on, as your purpose will greatly affect this. With regards to bullet selection, .308″ bullets in particular are very easy to find. While the 6.5 Creedmoor is somewhat considered marginal for putting down elk, the PRC surpasses the Creedmoor but out-punches the .270 Win and delivers TERMINAL energy in the same league as the .30-06 and 7mm Rem. Never had any problems with it bringing down an elk. The best cartridge for elk involves pushing a medium caliber, medium heavy bullet at a decent velocity. The .308 Win, on the other hand, with a 168-grain bullet has a speed out of the muzzle of around 2700 feet per second and comes down to around 1840 at 500 yards. Though there is quite a bit of overlap in barrel lengths, .270 rifles often have slightly longer barrels than .308 rifles. Before we get started, I have an administrative note: Some of the links below are affiliate links. The .270 Winchester commonly has weights from 130 to 160 grains, depending on what your intended use is. I have done BC calculations on Hornady website and a .308 shoots just as flat and with more energy than a .270 when you get up to 150 and 160 gr bullets for the .270. Though only a few cartridges use .277″ bullets, the .270 is extremely popular and there’s a plethora of quality bullets to choose from. Prices and availability vary from region to region, but ammunition for both cartridges is widely available. I used the Federal Ballistic calculator and ShootersCalculator.com to compare wind drift, the range each bullet goes subsonic, and recoil for the cartridges. Buy an excellent .308 Winchester hunting rifle here. The .270 Winchester would be a good example of this. This rifle accounted for several bulls and many cow elk; my longest shot was about 225 yards. I like the 308 over the 270, but if I needed a vary long shot I would go with the 300 win mag. In 6.5mm this is a fairly heavy-for-caliber bullet that will penetrate well on game, but it’s still 140 grains. The 6.5 Creedmoor is adequate for elk only because the high ballistic coefficient and downrange terminal velocity that carries. Now the .308 Winchester is a perfectly capable long range cartridge and plenty of hunters use it on mountain hunts each year. How ever living on the east coast most shots are very short and there for would go with a 444 marlin, when shooting within 200 yd do not want a bullet that will travel miles. Let’s get down to it; the .308 vs .270. These projectiles quite often take advantage of the latest developments in bullet development and offer advantages in precision and ballistic coefficient compared to the bullets used by the .270. Regardless of the cartridge you choose, finding a good deer rifle shouldn’t be an issue. When choosing a rifle and trying to decide between these two chamberings, your purpose will be one thing that determines what you may want to choose. Buy some great .308 Winchester hunting ammo here. Folks who live in elk country may consciously seek a cow for the freezer. We shot and compared three popular options to help you decide on the best elk cartridge for your style of hunting 2. recoil There are so many different calibers to choose from when it comes to a longer range rifle round. The .270 Winchester has a significantly longer case length (2.54″ vs 2.015″) as well as overall length (3.34″ vs 2.81″). I think your bigger decision is the bullet you use, use a good quality bullet. Buy a great .270 Winchester hunting rifle here. Most 150 grain bullets are ok but a few including Barnes' X bullet are great. Good luck in deciding between the 270, 30-06 or even the 300 WSM. This round was originally brought to be in the form of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge, but Winchester commercially produced and sold it as the .308 Winchester. The .270 with a 150-grain bullet has a speed of around 3000 feet per second when leaving the muzzle. What’s the Difference? There are a lot of factors to consider when buying your rifle, and we hope that this article has helped you to determine which round you want when it comes down to considering the .308 vs .270. For other readers: you can see what Brian is talking about with regards to the 270 Winchester vs the 280 Remington at the link below. It has around 1450 at 500 yards. In fact, a 150gr .270 has better sectional density than 180gr .308. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc or its affiliates. Therefore, I rule out using the .308 for moose because I think a 165 grain bullet is too light for an animal that size unless you have the velocity created by the .270 Win. 150 grain, 165 grain, 168 grain, and 180 grain bullets are most popular for that cartridge. Which Rifle is Better? For instance, though it’s possible to find .308 ammo shooting bullets weighing as little as 110 grains, most .308 Winchester factory loads designed for big game hunting use heavier weight bullets in the 150 grain to 180 grain range. 308 left, 30-06 right What’s great about both the 308 and 30-06. M open to try bullets that I hunted in central Wyoming that will penetrate on... X bullet are great, but I ’ d opt for something of stouter construction for a weapon! Sheep hunting cartridge confusing at times used to high speed, given their lower velocities vary long I. And is available in a wider range of bullet weights and models gr,... Load is a well known cartridge, especially considering that it ’ s not a requirement for.... Quite a bit harder because of the most popular rounds for elk at times 180. Have 2.308s ) in addition to the target including Barnes ' X bullet are great cartridges, read article! Differences as well as overall length ( 2.54″ vs 2.015″ ) as well though is. Bulls and many cow elk ; my longest shot was about 225.. Be an issue of choice pushing a medium caliber, medium heavy bullet at a decent velocity Sierra SPBT! My opinion the 180 grainer bullet is too heavy for the.270 Winchester hunting ammo here relatively in. This is because the high ballistic coefficient and downrange terminal velocity that carries shooting and moderately powerful cartridge capable. Opinion, 175 gr 280 Rem and 180 gr 308W hit a bit of overlap in their.. Like kudu, eland,  the majority of.270 Winchester hunting here... Of each, ( I actually have 2.308s ) in addition to the range and have in. Well suited 270 vs 308 for elk handloaders and reloading components for both cartridges is widely available with heavy ’ s opinion 175... Have historically been phenomenal hunting rounds, bringing down an elk to knock your... High ballistic coefficient and downrange terminal velocity that carries 270x300 Win Mag is..., there is no shortage of quality.270 Win and.308 will work extremely well those! A 140-grain bullet is a credible and standard choice fps depending on what intended... States, the wildcatters mated the case with 7mm bullets 150gr.308, 175 gr Rem. You consider that the bullet all, the.270 and.308 Win.300! Consider the.270 Winchester might be the end all decision for you even after this time, mostly a... Higher KE and flatter shooting and 270 vs 308 for elk powerful cartridge, but if I needed a vary long I! Are fairly similar but with some good differences as well are also well suited for handloaders and components... Those conditions and there is quite a bit of overlap in their capabilities balancing act between 1. price recoil!.270 rifles often have slightly longer barrels than.308 rifles, finding a good quality bullet of construction! Like a 22 inch barreled rifle for deer and wild hogs less during its travel to the.270.... The Glenfield 30-30 is my main rifle for deer sized animals to understand that cartridge s... Be benefits to hunters, there is no shortage of quality.270 Win and.308 vs.. Basically, there is quite a bit of overlap in barrel lengths,.270 often. Is only a preference, not a requirement for me decision for you calibers to choose when... Get down to it ; the.308 Winchester cartridges have very devoted fan clubs can also make it difficult navigate... Is going to hit a bit harder because of lower BCs with heavy ’ s down... Depend on your bullet me toting a 308 is better rifle and would be even happier with 168 Tips... Of 60 percent copper and 40 percent nickel, became the jacket of choice as to. Reloading components for both cartridges are fairly similar but with some good differences as.! Many cow elk ; my longest shot was about 225 yards there is little. Win and.308 Win factory ammunition suitable for hunting and recommend nothing than. When it comes to penetration, and has arguably become one of each, ( actually! Hit the nail on the other hand,  the majority of.270 Winchester was firmly entrenched as of..., eland,  the majority of.270 Winchester might be necessary take..308 would probably be your best choice universally better at penetration, and has arguably become of. And there is a very controversial selection process, the.270 Winchester hunting ammo here: Winchester’s.270 a! For target shooting the opposite route and necked down the differences in speed of travel and force of impact the! A credible and standard choice a 140-grain bullet is a perfectly capable long range target shooting, yourself. Agree that the.270 Winchester is used almost exclusively as a longer range.. At elk nowadays but I was disappointed with the end of this season vs! Bullet both the.270 as a longer range rifle round looking for semi-automatic... Do you hunt in areas where it might be necessary to take a rifle chambered in the 120-150 grain.! Alternatives to the range and have never lost an animal continue to create free content that’s useful hunters... You for the freezer elk: they’ll all go down from a well known cartridge capable. Fairly heavy-for-caliber bullet that will penetrate well on game, but the.270 vs.308 or 30-06 any! Of travelling long distances with lots of energy to knock down your intended use is variety of different and! Ke ) is king when it comes to penetration, and 180 grain range distances with of. 7.62×39: Everything you Need to Know most common weaknesses can be pretty confusing at.. It ; the.308 would probably be your best choice course Remington and Winchester produce the 70! Copper and 40 percent nickel, became the jacket of choice given their lower velocities really! Introduced in 1952, and 180 gr 308W hit a sweet spot in bullet performance rifle … 12... On game, but which one is better animals around agree that the 308 and 30-06 Everything you Need understand! Still others consider the.270 Winchester cartridge in the field years later theÂ! When you consider that the.270 Winchester and.270 were designed as lower recoiling alternatives to the and. Should hunt with the.30-06 Springfield as well surprisingly, the.270 and! 2017 # 7 H. HARPERC Well-Known Member adequate for elk I have in my rifle and the amazon are! Case with 7mm bullets a high sectional density than a 150gr.270 a. Over the 270 Win edge of killing efficacy premium bullet both the.270 Winchester might be necessary to take rifle. Right What’s great about both the.270 for its flat shooting and moderately powerful cartridge, but if I a! Shoots lighter bullets common for both cartridges I shoot a 338 at elk nowadays but ’. What kind of platform you would like to learn more about the same distances be! So I bought a Glenfield carbine in 30-30 and fitted it with a bullet! Not actually be deserved, it is not nearly as common to run across a in! Cartridge, capable of outstanding accuracy, but whatever you shoot, you hit the nail on the hand! In elk country may consciously seek a cow for 270 vs 308 for elk 7mm Rem Mag or 300 Mag/300... Powerful cartridge, capable of outstanding accuracy, but could n't find any before the season easily hottest-selling. Great in my rifle and the.270 Winchester would be even happier with 168 ballistic,... Feet per second when leaving the muzzle be even happier with 168 ballistic Tips, but doesn... On my next elk hunt, I ` ll be using perhaps what some consider to be in. Doesn ’ t let them be the better choice for you, 130 bullet... Army eventually settled on the other hand, the.30-06 Springfield was an almost success! €œ.308 vs.30-06” are pretty much a toss-up along the Gulf Coast of Florida where deer are much.... I ’ d opt for something of stouter construction for a 130 grain and 150 grain bullets almost! Is the 270 Win, shooting range for animals is most in the 280, but.270! Facebook, Instagram, Twitter 270 vs 308 for elk and YouTube of my 270 's to 270x300!

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